Fluconazole Treatment for Troublesome Fungal Infections

September 20, 2015

One would need fluconazole treatment if they are suffering from certain fungal infections caused by Candida organisms.  Fluconazole treatment is a type of antifungal drug that is related to ketoconazole, clotrimazole, miconazole and itraconazole. Fluconazole treatment works by preventing the further growth and production of the membranes or outer layer enclosing the cells of fungi-causing infections.  The US FDA has approved the use of fluconazole treatment in the year 1990 of January.

Fluconazole treatment is mainly used in infections caused by Candida affecting the mouth, throat (esophagus) and vagina.  Fluconazole treatment may also be used in patients who suffer from peritonitis, urinary tract infections, pneumonia, and even disseminated infections because of Candida.  Fluconazole treatment can also be used for the treatment of cryptococcal meningitis.  Furthermore, fluconazole treatment is very useful in preventing infections of Candidal origin in those who have been subjected under radiation or chemotherapy right after having bone marrow transplant operations.

When taking fluconazole treatment, you can expect the following common side effects to occur: nausea, headache, tummy pain, dyspepsia, rashes, diarrhea, unusual taste, and dizziness.  Rare side effects associated with fluconazole treatment include angioedema (tissue swelling), severe allergic reactions, liver dysfunction such as hepatitis and jaundice, and abnormal heartbeat or palpitations.

Fluconazole treatment is normally available through prescription, although in some countries, it can be dispensed to you without any prescription needed, just as long as you have proof that you have already taken it in the past and you have not experienced any harsh side effects while taking it.  Fluconazole treatment is available in the form of oral pills, oral suspension and injectable solution.

Fluconazole treatment in the form of tablets comes in various dosages: 200 mg, 150 mg, 100 mg, and 50 mg.  The usual dose of fluconazole treatment for adults is about 50 mg to 400 mg every day – the dose depends on the fungal infection being treated.  Even if signs and symptoms of the Candida infections of oral origin may tone down within a few days of fluconazole treatment, the fluconazole treatment should still be continued up to 2 weeks.  Candida infections of esophageal location have to be treated with fluconazole for 3 weeks or even longer.  For cerebral meningitis, the fluconazole treatment would go on for 10 to 12 weeks, up until the cultures of the cerebrospinal fluid taken from the patient turns up negative from the infection.

Remember that fluconazole can only treat infections caused by fungi; therefore, it is not effective against bacterial or viral infections.

When taking fluconazole treatment, remember that you can possibly develop fungal resistance to such treatments of the azole class when the treatment is prolonged.  Therefore, make sure that you consult your doctor first before going ahead and buying some fluconazole for your fungal infection problem.  You must not use fluconazole if you are taking a medicine called cisapride as it can fatally cause damage to the heart.  Also, inform your doctor if you have kidney disorders, liver disorders, heart rhythm issues, or a prior history of a long QT syndrome.