Medical Uses of Tamoxifen Citrate You Must Remember

December 12, 2015

While all medicines were made in the purpose of helping us become better again and to continue our way of living normally without any worries on our health and well-being, the medicines we tend to take into our bodies may cause us harm if they are taken improperly, inappropriately, or if we abuse them.  Such an example is tamoxifen citrate, something that has been created to help patients who suffer from the devastating effects of breast cancer.

The Medical Uses of Tamoxifen Citrate

Breast cancer in both men and women – These days, in female patients who are either classified pre- or post-menopausal in their current life situation, tamoxifen citrate is the option used in order to treat both advanced and early estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer.  Furthermore, tamoxifen citrate is the most commonly sought after hormonal treatment option for breast cancer suffered by male patients.  Also, tamoxifen citrate is duly approved by the US FDA as an effective agent in preventing the occurrence of breast cancer in females who are considered as “high-risk” for developing this destructive disease.

Gynecomastia in men – Tamoxifen citrate is also helpful in males when it comes to the prevention of estrogen-linked gynecomastia.  This type of gynecomastia means that the males affected with this have unusually high levels of estrogen in their tissues, which then manifests on their chests that appear “woman-like”, meaning that their breast tissue becomes enlarged that it closely resembles a woman’s breasts. Tamoxifen citrate is taken by such men in small doses to prevent the condition from exacerbating.  They can also take tamoxifen citrate when there is an occurrence of any gynecomastic-related symptoms such as nipple sensitivity or nipple soreness.  In dire settings, tamoxifen citrate is a good agent in preventing or treating gynecomastia in sex offenders who are at the moment undergoing something called temporary chemical castration (castration using drugs, in the aim of treating cancer, or to lower one’s libido or sexual activity).

Infertility problems in women – Tamoxifen citrate is helpful in treating infertility in women who are suffering from anovulatory disorders, which means that even if the female is menstruating, there is an absence of the luteal phase and ovulation in their monthly cycle.  Without ovulation, the woman shall be deemed as infertile. To help this condition, a dose of tamoxifen citrate at about 10 to 40 mg a day should be given in the days 3 up to 7 of a female’s cycle.

Rare conditions – Tamoxifen citrate, in some occasions, has been used to treat rare conditions such as idiopathic sclerosing mesenteritis and retroperitoneal fibrosis. Idiopathic sclerosing mesenteritis is a disease of the small intestine which is classified to be extremely rare. It is noted as a chronic inflammation and in the end, there is occurrence of fibrosis (scarring or formation of excessive fibrous connective tissue) of the mesentery.  As for retroperitoneal fibrosis, this is a condition in which there is excess fibrous tissue in the compartment containing the aorta, renal tract, kidneys, and other organs, collectively called the retroperitoneum. Administering tamoxifen citrate has been shown to improve the condition based on many small clinical trials; however, the exact mechanism of how it works in effectively treating such a condition remains unclear up to this day.

While tamoxifen citrate can cure the following conditions mentioned above, it still can bring about problematic side effects to its users.  Tamoxifen citrate can increase one’s risk of experiencing a stroke or getting blood clots.  Also, if you take tamoxifen citrate and you experience the following side effects (vision problems, a new lump in the breast, pressure or pain in the pelvis, liver issues, high calcium in blood, unusual vaginal discharge or bleeding), please call your doctor immediately.